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Key Questions on Climate Change and Sustainability: Towards the Make-or-Break Years
Edited by Valentina Pidlisnyuk
Kyiv, Ukraine, 2021
The publication was sponsored by NATO Science for Peace and Security Programmer,
Multiyear Research Project G4687 “New Phytotechnology for Cleaning Contaminated Military Sites” and logistically supported by CORNET MiscanValue Project
We owe our deep gratitude to Mrs Yulia Herus-Behen for her willingness to translate part of the text to English and to Mrs Olena Plotnik for assistance with the Book’s design.
This Class Book is meant to be a practical guide for the readers. The authors have used a numerous number of literature and web-pages sources which are listed at the end of this book. To make the text more readable and easier to understand in many cases the quantitation marks were not used when data or expressions from these sources were referenced.
ISBN 978-617-7876-38-9 © Printeko, Kyiv, Ukraine, 2021
No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or in the paper, including photocopying, any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from the Publisher and NATO SPS MYP G4687.
Valentina Pidlisnyuk, Robert Newton, Tatyana Stefanovska, Aigerim Mamirova
Key Questions on Climate Change and Sustainability: Towards the Make-or-Break Years
Edited by Valentina Pidlisnyuk
Class Book. Printeko, Kyiv, Ukraine, 2021-139 pages.
This Class Book introduces the main causes of climate change and examines the interconnection between sustainable development and climate change. The role of energy, agriculture, water and land resources is analyzed along with indication and forecasting of the development. The Book reviews the main strategies for climate change abatement, namely conventional mitigation, adaptation, and negative emissions technologies. Conventional mitigation technologies focus on reducing fossil-based emissions while negative emissions technologies are aiming to capture and sequester atmospheric carbon to reduce carbon dioxide levels, including products from biomass. It is evident that conventional mitigation efforts alone are not sufficient to meet the targets stipulated by the Paris Agreement on Climate Change; therefore, the utilization of alternative routes appears inevitable and will assist a lot to the current adaptation measures. While various technologies presented may still be at an early stage of development, biogenic-based sequestration techniques are to a certain extent mature and can be deployed immediately. The questions about shifting toward the circular economy and zero waste policy are discussed with stress on the products’ value chain. The significant role of education for sustainable development and the promotion of climate literacy is introduced. The Class Book ends with overviewing the options for changing which have to be put in place for a resource-efficient economy and challenges related to lifestyle changes. The numbers of the case studies including results of the NATO SPS Multiyear Research Project G4687 “New Phytotechnology for Cleaning Contaminated Military Sites” and CORNET MiscanValue project make the contents more illustrative.
The Class Book is recommended for Master and PhD students from the Erasmus degree courses: “Climate Change: adaptation and mitigation measures”, “Sustainable Management of Contaminated Sites”, “Global Environmental Change”. Some materials presented in the Book is used by the PhD programmer “Bioremediation/Phytoremediation” established at Jan Evangelista Purkyně University, Czech Republic as a part of educational activities within the NATO project. The Class Book may be beneficial to Bachelor and Master students from the degree course “Fundamental of Sustainable Development”, “Ecology and Environmental protection” offered at the Ukrainian universities and students from the EU degree programmers in Circular Economy and Value Chains.
The Class Book may be helpful for teachers, researchers, faculty members, governmental officials, other professionals specialized in climate change questions, sustainability and education for sustainable development.
- Introduction ................................................................................................................... 6
- Causes of the Climate Change .......................................................................................7
- Sustainable Development and Climate change ............................................................ 15
- Energy and Development ............................................................................................. 29
- Water and Development ............................................................................................... 40
- Agriculture and Development ....................................................................................... 50
- Indication and Prognosis ............................................................................................... 56
- General Responding to Climate Change: Adaptation and Mitigation ........................... 60
- International Climate Policy Instruments and Framework Conditions .......................... 67
- Bioeconomy and Circular Economy as Response to Climate Change ......................... 79
- Decarbonization and Value Chain of Bioproducts ....................................................... 87
- Land Management Strategies for Climate Change Mitigation ..................................... 98
- Climate Change and Pest Management ....................................................................... 108
- Phytotechnology with Energy Crops Biomass Production .......................................... 115
- Education as Key Factors Toward Sustainability and Response to Climate Change... 121
- Transition Toward a Resource-Efficient and Sustainable Society .............................. 126
- References ................................................................................................................... 133
Professor Valentina Pidlisnyuk, DSc, serves as a professor at the Department of Environmental Chemistry and Technology, Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Usti nad Labem, the Czech Republic. Her research interests include sustainability, phytotechnologies, value chain of biomass and bioproducts, environmental policy and management. She teaches PhD and master’s courses in phytoremediation and Erasmus graduate courses in sustainable management of contaminated sites, fundamentals of sustainability, and global environmental change. She serves as a topic editor at the Plant and is a member of the Editorial Board of the Central and Eastern European Journal of Management and Economics. Prof. Pidlisnyuk received a professorship in Environmental Sciences from the Ukrainian Ministry of Education and Science, earned a doctorate in colloidal chemistry at the Institute of Colloidal and Water Chemistry, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, and a master’s degree in chemistry at the National State University, Ukraine. She accomplished a Fulbright Research Program at the University of Georgia, USA, and an Environmental Management Program at the Japan International Cooperation Agency, Japan.
Mgr. Robert Newton, MBA, Department of Environmental Chemistry and Technology Jan Evangelista Purkyně University Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
Dr Tatyana Stefanovska, PhD., Department of Entomology National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine Kyiv, Ukraine
Mgr., Ing. Aigerim Mamirova, Department of Biotechnology Al-Farabi Kazakh National University Almaty, Kazakhstan
Valentina Pidlisnyuk: Chapters 1-9, 14-15
Robert Newton: Chapters 10-11, 16
Tatyana Stefanovska: Chapters 12-13
Aigerim Mamirova: Chapter 14
Валентина Підліснюк, Роберт Ньютон, Тетяна Стефановська, Айгерім Мамірова
Ключові питання Змін Клімату та Сталого Розвитку: назустріч Рокам Змін чи Очікувань
За редакції Валентини Підліснюк
Навчальний Посібник. Printeko, Київ. Україна, 2021 - 139 стр.
У Начальному Посібнику представлено основні причини змін клімату і розглянуто взаємозв’язок між сталістю та змінами клімату. Проаналізовано вплив енергії, використання водних та земельних ресурсів, сільського господарства на розвиток, представлено підходи до індикації та прогнозування шляхів розвитку. Розглянуто основні стратегії боротьби зі змінами клімату, а саме традиційні технології пом’якшення наслідків змін клімату, адаптивні дії та негативні емісійні технології. Звичайні технології пом'якшення наслідків пов’язані зі зменшенням викидів парникових газів від викопних джерел. В той же час технології негативних викидів мають на меті зв’язування та секвестрування атмосферного вуглецю для зниження рівня вуглекислого газу, включаючи продукти з біомаси. Є очевидним, що задіяння лише звичайних зусиль щодо пом'якшення наслідків є недостатнім для досягнення цілей, визначених Паризькою Угодою із Змін Клімату, а запровадження альтернативних шляхів та технологій видається неминучим, що допоможе адаптаційним заходам, які наразі впроваджуються. Хоча окремі технології, які представлено, можуть ще знаходитись на ранніх стадіях розробки чи впровадження, методи секвестрації вуглецю на основі біогенних речовин до певної міри дозріли і можуть бути застосовані вже зараз. Обговорюються питання переходу до циркулярної економіки та політики нульових відходів з акцентом на ланцюжках створення додаткової вартості продуктів. Проаналізовано важливу роль освіти у запровадженні сталості та відповіді на виклики змiн клімату для осіб, які приймають рішення, та пересічних громадян.
В книзі представлено ряд тематичних прикладів, включаючи результати, отримані в рамках дослідницького проекту NATO SPS G4687 «Нова фітотехнологія для очищення забруднених військових територій » та проекту CORNET MiscanValue.
Навчальний Посібник може бути рекомендовано для магістрів та докторантів програми ERASMUS, що навчаються на курсах лекцій «Зміни клімату: заходи адаптації та пом’якшення наслідків», «Сталий менеджмент забруднених земель», «Глобальні зміни навколишнього середовища». Окремі розділи Посібника вже використовуються для навчання докторантів програми «Біоремедіація/Фіторемедіація», створеної в Університеті Яна Евангелісти Пуркині, Чеська Республіці в рамках проекту. Посібник може бути використано студентами бакалаврата та магістратури при опануванні традиційних навчальних курсів “Основи сталого розвитку”, “Екологія та охорона навколишнього середовища”, що пропонуються в українських університетах. Він також стане в нагоді студентам нещодавно створених в університетах ЄС навчальних програм магістрів з циркулярної економіки та вартісних ланцюжків.
Книга може бути цікавою викладачам, дослідникам, урядовцям, іншим фахівцям, які спеціалізуються на питаннях зміни клімату, стійкості та освіти для сталого розвитку.
On October 29-31 prof. Valentina Pidlisnyuk and PhD student Diana Nebeska, UJEP participated in the 10th International Miscanthus conference in Cheb-Franzenbad, Czech Republic. The event was organized by Association for Miscanthus and perennial grasses MEG e.V. in cooperation with University of Bonn, Institute of Crop Sciences and Resources Conservation, Germany and hosted by HVG firm Handels & Vertriebsgenossenschaft, Germany-Czech Republic. The main discussed topic at the regular bi-annual conference of the association was “Bioeconomy but not without the miscanthus”. The event brought together produces of perennial crops biomass, researchers and investors in order to introduce innovation in miscanthus biomass production and converting to bioproducts, i.e. cellulose, fibers, construction materials, and bundling the practice with scientific expertise into a single integrative approach.
Prof. Pidlisnyuk did the plenary presentation entitled “Application of Miscanthusxgiganteus phytotechnology to the military polluted soils” and participated in the conference’ s discussions events and excursion. PhD student Nebeska did a presentation “Novel approach for modification pf lignin content in Miscanthusxgiganteus”.
While at the conference prof.Pidlisnyuk had a meeting and minutes, including those with prof. Ralf Pude, University of Bonn, Campus Klein-Altendorf, Germany; Sergii Chabannyi, General manager of “BioEcoEnergy Company, Croatia; Andreas Schweitzer, Alpha Power International management Consultancy, Germany; Walter and Susanne Bahr, members of MEG e.V. board, Germany; Max Schulte, student at the University of Hohhenheim, Germany.
In order to strengthen cooperation and information flooding between NATO teams from UJEP, NULES and NULP prof. Pidlisnyuk visited Ukraine on July 21-28 and attended partnering organizations: National University of Life and the Environmental Science (NULES, Kyiv), National University Lvivska Polytechnica (NULP, Lviv). She also visited Ternopil National Pedagogical University (TNPU) which become the partner of UJEP after Bilateral Agreement between UJEP and TNPU was signed on July 10,2019.
While in Kyiv (July, 21-23) professor Pidlisnyuk visited the newly opened Biotechnoogy Laboratory at the Faculty of Plant Protection and Biotechnology. NDP, assoc.prof. Tatyana Stefanovska introduced the facilities and equipment available there can be used in the future joint research. Prof. Pidlisnyuk observed the research field of NULES where the third year miscanthus experiment is going on at the metals contaminated soil.
While in Ternopil (July, 24-25) professor Pidlisnyuk visited TNPU and met with the Rector of the University prof. Bogdan Buyak, Vice-Rector associate prof. Halina Falfushynska, Dean of the Faculty of Chemistry and Biology prof. Nadiya Drobuk, assoc. professors Andrij Herz, Volodymur Chomenchuk, Oleksandr Khomenchuk. The signed bilateral Agreement between UJEP and TNPU was introduced and framework of the future cooperation including current research of miscanthus growing at the stimulated Pb-contaminated soils was discussed; options of the joint Master programmer with elements of phytotechnology was overviewed as well.
Prof. Pidlisnyuk led the training in measuring of the Plant stress which was organized jointly by UJEP and TNPU and provided by UJEP team’s members: Assoc. Professor Hana Malinska and PhD student Diana Nebeska. The training was attended by participants of NATO project and faculty members and students of TNPU. While at the training the knowledge and skills in using equipment for the measuring the plant’s stress was shared.
While in Lviv (July, 26-27) prof. Pidlisnyuk along with NDP, assoc.prof. Tatyana Stefanovska visited NULP. They observed the new equipment for measuring the content of oil compounds and organic substances in the soil and plant’s tissues purchased within NATO G4687 and installed at NULP. With Co-Director Dr. Pavlo Shapoval, young researcher Dr.Martin Sozansly (NULP) and Dr. Tatyana Stefanovsla prof.Pidlisnyuk discussed the current state with measuring the results of Ternopil and Kyiv’s experiments. Along with Dr.Shapoval and Dr.Stefanovska prof. Pidlisnyuk attended the research field in Dolyna. The necessary arrangement for the further maintaining of that project’s research site in 2020-2021 years was done.
On May 20-23, 2019 prof. Pidlisnyuk, UJEP attended University of Porto, Portugal within Erasmus programmer being hosted by Dr.Cristina Vila from the Mining Engineering Department of the University of Porto. Having that opportunity, she introduced the main results of the NATO SPS MYP G4687 project at the scientific meeting of the Faculty of the Environmental Engineering. The presentation entitled “Miscanthus phytotechnology with biomass production for the military polluted sites” was attended by faculty members, PhD and Master students of the Faculty of the Environmental Engineering and Polytechnic University of Porto. While at the laboratory tour provided by Dr.Vila prof. Pidlisnyuk met with young researchers and discussed the possible cooperation in the sphere of microbiology and application of miscanthus phytotechnology to the mining sites. Dr. Vila invited members of NATO team to present results of the project at the BioRemid2019 conference to be organized by University of Porto in October,2019 where the new strategies in bioremediation process will be discussed internationally. Prof. Pidlisnyuk had a meeting related to technology dissemination with prof. Joao Baptista, Head of the Mining Engineering Department.
Occasionally, Dr. Manuela Carvalho from the Polytechnic University of Porto (ISEP) invited prof. Pidisnyuk to visit that institution and to discuss the possible cooperation in the field of application of biochar in the miscanthus phytotechnology. The possibility to cooperate in the research related to production of biochar from the miscanthus biomass growing at the military sites was overviewed along with options of testing different biochars produced at ISEP at the military fields in Dolyna and Hradcany.
On March 20–21, 2019 the final conference of MISCOMAR Project (Miscanthus biomass options for contaminated and marginal land: quality, quantity and soil interaction (http://www.miscomar.eu) held in the Institute of Ecology of Industrial Areas in Katowice, Poland. The conference was entitleed „Multiple benefits of biomass crops on marginal land“ and gathered researchers from Poland, Great Britain, Germany involved in MISCOMAR project, representatives from the private sector-farmers and biomass processors. NATO G4687 team’s members from Czech Republic and Ukraine took part at the event as well.
The main goal of the conference was to summarize the results of MISCOMAR project and to exchange knowledge and experience in miscanthus breeding and cultivation at the marginal and contaminated localities.
The plenary reports were delivered by PI of MISCOMAR project Dr. Marta Podrzeba, Institute of Ecology of Industrial Areas (Poland), participants of the project: prof. John Clifton-Brawn, University of Aberdeen (Great Britain) and Dr. Andreas Kiesel, University of Hohenheim (Germany). Representatives from Teravesta (Great Britain) Sam Buckby and Michael Squance introduced the achievements in miscanthus breading and representatives from business and innovation companies – Dr. Marcian Siedlecki, Research and Innovation Centre Pro-Academia (Poland) and Uwe Kuhn, Technical Service Kuehn, (Germany) illustrated possibilities of miscanthus biomass processing to energy and bioproducts. The latest results of NATO G4687 project was presented by NDP prof. Valentina Pidlisnyuk as plenary report „Phytotechnology with M. x giganteus biomass production while applying to the metal(loid)s contaminated military and post-military sites“. PhD students Diana Nebeská, Hana Burdová and Jan Černý from UJEP had opportunity to present recent scientific results during poster session with posters „Effects of selected plant growth regulators on Miscanthus x giganteus biomass production in the Czech Republic“ and „Activity of soil microorganisms during Miscanthus x giganteus cultivation: first results of the field study in the Czech Republic“. Another NATO team members participated in the poster session,i.e. : Dr. Tatyana Stefanovska (NULES, Ukraine) and Dr. Kumar Pranaw (UJEP) with presentation „The biomass production of Miscanthus x giganteus in contaminated land of the rainfall shortage regions of Ukraine“. Professor Pidlisnyuk introduced latest results received by PhD student Zafer Alasmary and team working at Kansas State University,USA in a poster „Field-based investigations on phytostabilisation of a contaminated military site using biofuel crop and soil amendmens“.
After the conference Dr. Kumar Pranaw and PhD students Diana Nebeská, Hana Burdová and Jan Černý ( All-UJEP) visited MISCOMAR research sites and took samples of contaminated and control soils for future microbiology research.
NATO team would like to express the appreciation to PI of MISCOMAR project Dr. Marta Podrzeba for the invitation to the conference.
While at the Erasmus mobility programmer at Krakow Agricultural University, Poland professor Valentina Pidlisnyuk, NDP, UJEP took the opportunity to present the results of the project to colleagues involved in production of the energy crops and factors influenced to the biomass quality. She did a Plenary presentation at the United Meeting of the Council of Agro-Economic Faculty of Krakow Agricultural University, Polish Society of Environmental Engineers (Branch in Krakow), and Polish Magnesium Society. The report was followed by deep discussion of peculiarities of the impact of agronomic factors to the miscanthus biomass and changing of soil parameters when the plant was growing at the slightly metal-contaminated military soils. She did presentation at the round table organized by the Faculty of Environmental Engineering and shared the main results and future plans within the project. Along with NDP Dr.Stefanovska prof. Pidlisnyuk visited the university Agricultural Station and miscanthus research field where the impact of different soil amendments to plants’ productivity has been under investigation for 4 years. The field trip was organized by prof. Jacek Antonkiewicz, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry. At the followed meeting with prof. Antonkiewich and Dr.Struzynski the options of the joint research was overviewed in particular concerning the soil microbial indicators, impact of water scarcity, non-organic and organic fertilizers to the miscanthus biomass structure and content.
On February 20th, 2019 Interreg meeting held in Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic having a goal to connect academic members, young researchers with regional business and small and medium enterprises. In the in beautiful interior of hotel Clarion faculty members, researchers and students from three university faculties introduced their high-tech discoveries and technology development that might be considerable for practical implementation. The potential of Miscanthus x giganteus as low-demanding biomass producing crop to be growing at the marginal land was introduced by members of UJEP NATO team: Dr.Josef Trogl, Dr.Hana Malinska and PhD student of the Technical department Hana Burdova. Using poster, brochures and other illustrative materials (including miscanthus plant) team introduced the wide potential of this amazing bioenergetic plant to visitors.
On February 14, the 6th TRANS³Net.visit within Interreg Central Europe project (www.trans3net.eu) took place in Freiberg/ Saxony, Germany and was attended by prof. Valentina Pidlisnyuk and PhD student Jan Cerny, UJEP. The meeting was held at Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology (HIF) and organized in cooperation with company UVR Fia GmbH. The event was focused at the energy efficient technologies for the exploration, beneficiation, extraction, and recycling of strategic minerals and metals icluding those from industrially polluted sites and waste and to present those technologies for scientists, SMEs and transfer promotors from Saxony, Czech Republic and Poland who are aiming to implement the circular economy principles. Dr. Jens Gutzmer, Direсtor of Helmholz Institute Freiberg, presented the main research field of the institute along with brief overview of the Saxon–Czech project RECOMINE. Dr. Henning Morgenroth,managing Director of UVR-FIA GmbH, introduced the achievements in utilization of metals from the mining rock waste. Dr. Grit Krause-Juttler, Centre for production Englineering and Management, Drezden Technical University presented the direction of the potential cooperation in the raw materials sector in the transboudary region. NDP professor Valentina Pidlisnyuk and PhD Jan Cerny, UJEP introduced for the participants the current results of G4687 project related to the biomass production at the metals contaminated military fields which are under investigation of G4687 project. The potential cooperation with RECOMINE project can be about application of phytotechnology with miscanthus at the Freiberg metals’ contented site selected among research locations to be investigated. Prof. Pidlisnyuk and PhD student Cerny had a discussions related to the project with Ms. Simone Raatz and Tina Schulz ( both - Helmholz Institute Freiberg). The meeting was followed by the round tour to UVR-FIA GmbH.
Information about Expert meeting in Kyiv, Ukraine (October 8, 2018) is available at the web-page of the magazine "Ecology of enterprices", Ukraine http://ecolog-ua.com/news/zustrich-ekspertiv-vyrobnyctvo-biopalyva-z-biomasy-miskantusu-gigantskogo-na-terytoriyah (In Ukrainian).
Results of the project at the 15 International Phytotechnology Conference
The conference is an annual event united scientists, engineers, professionals, practitioners from all over the world to present recent advances and applications of phytoremediation. 15 IPC was scheduled for October 1-5, 2018 in Novy Sad, Serbia and jointly organized by University of Novy Sad and Phytoremediation Society. About 200 participants from 16 countries participated in 3 days plenary and poster sessions and field trip. The conference coincided with 60th anniversary of the founding of the Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment at the University of Novy Sad.
Results of the project was introduced at two oral reports presented by Valentina Pidlisnyuk (UJEP) and Lawrence Davis (KSU) and 2 posters presented by Asil Nurzhanova (IPBB) and Tatyana Stefanovska (NULES). Zeljka Zgorelec from Zagreb University, Croatia (liasoning institution) delivered oral report as well.
While at the conference members of NATO team had informal meeting and minutes with Dr.Marta Pogrzeba (Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas, Poland), Tomas Masek (University of Chemical Technology, Prague), Alan Baker (University of Melbourne, Australia), Sasa Orlovic, Dean of the Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment, University of Novy Sad, Nikola Bilandzija (Zagreb University, Croatia) and Barbara Zeeb ( Royal Military College, Canada).
Co-Directors meeting was organized in a framework of the conference, in which NDP Valentina Pidlisnyuk, PPD Tatyana Stefanovska, Co-Directors Lawrence Davis and Asil Nurzhaniva and Head of the Research Microbiology Group Josef Trogl participated. The current state of the project activities and foreseeing for future field research and plan for book’s writing were discussed.
The conference RemTechEurope is an International conference organized by European Research Centre, EU Commission in Ferrara,Italy. The conference is a part of international show RemTechExpo ( www.remtechexpo.com) gathered annually firms and experts in remediation technologies, related equipment and logistic from across Europe.
On September 19-21, 2018 prof. Valentina Pidlisnyuk (UJEP) participated in REmTechEurope with report “Testing the phytotechnology with Miscanthusxgigateus at the military contaminated sites: field stage” and introduced results about current implementation of phytotechnology at the military sites in Dolyna, Kurakhove and Ft.Riley. She also attended poster session with presentation “The effect of amendments to the productivity of Miscanthus × giganteus”.
While at the conference prof. Pidlisnyuk had discussions with Ana Payá Pérez, Joint Research Centre JRC-Ispra, European Commission; John Vijgen, International HCH & Pesticides Association, Denmark; prof. Paul Nathanail, Land Quality Management Ltd & INSPIRATION4EU, University of Nottingem, Great Britain; Frank Swartjes, National Institute of Human Health and the Environment, The Netherlands; Mgr.Achim Constantin, International consultant in contaminated sites, Germany, Elena Bradiakova, Slovak Environmental Agency. In addition, Valentina Pidlisnyuk visited RemTechShow and observed exhibition introduced by «Comando Unita Forestali Ambientali e Agroalimentari Carabinieri” (Forest Military Divisions), Italy. The team represented own remediation technologies applied at land fields where the miscanthus phytotechnology may be potentially applied as well.
Prof. Pidlisnyuk discussed the issue of military sites’ assessment with Mr.Jarno Laitinen, Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment, Program manager at the Finish Clean soil program and Dr. Jussi Reinikainen, Senior expert at the Finish Environmental Institute. It was proposed to organize a workshop about assessment approach developed within Finish Clean soil program regarding selection remediation technology for contaminated sites, in Ukraine and to discussed ways of application the approach for the military sites. The members of the project’s teams from NULES and NULP and potential end-users of miscanthus phytotechnology from Ukraine, Slovakia and Czech Republic may be an auditorium of the workshop. The workshop’s proposal will be discussed at G4687 Co-Directors meeting scheduled at the 15th International Phytotechnology Conference in Novy Sad, Serbia on October 1, 2018.
On June 11-14, 2018 the Central and Eastern European Conference on Health and the Environment: Environmental and Health Issues in Fast Changing Economies (CEECHE2018) was held at the Congress Centre of the University of Agriculture in Cracow, Poland. The biannual CEECHE conference is an initiative of the United States and European institutions to facilitate scientific exchange and have been held at venues across CEE countries since 2004 to better define the complex but common links between health and environment and enable the use of shared understandings of current research. Since that time the conference is constantly supported by National Institute of the Environmental Health Sciences, Super Fund Programmers (USA), and number of out-standing universities in the US and Europe. The conference was focused on air pollution, persistent organic pollutants, contaminants at mining and military sites in CEE countries, and highlight research related to environmental toxicology and mechanistic biology studies, disease risks and intervention approaches to improve health. In addition, novel environmental remediation technologies, risk assessment approaches, socio-economic and policy implications were discussed. CEECHE2018 was attended by 172 participants from 18 countries, including Poland, Czech Republic, Rumania, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, Georgia, and USA.
In 2018 year the new field of research related to the questions of Environmental issues and local population exposures at former military sites in Central and Eastern European countries was included to the programmer. The special session was arranged in that topic led by prof. Jaco Vangronsveld, Hasselt University (Belgium) and prof. Eugen Gurzau, Environmental Health Centre (Rumania). 4 oral presentations were delivered at the session by members of NATO G4687 team overviewing the current results of the project, i.e.:
Valentina Pidlisnyuk (UJEP) Impact of military territories to the environment and place of phytotechnology with miscanthus biomass production;
Iwona Grass (WULSE) Environmental risk assessment of heavy metals contamination at the military site in Ukraine: avoidance and reproduction test with Collembola;
Diana Nebeska (UJEP) Growing Miscanthusxgiganteus in post-military soil and soil contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons: remediation and biomass production;
Tatyana Stefanovska (NULES) The composition of nematodes community associated with Miscanthusxguganteus growth at Dolyna military contaminated site.
At the panel discussion followed the session members of NATO team answered for the numerous questions from auditoria about peculiarities of phytotechnology, indication of the process, standardization the analysis and perspective of applying the miscanthus phytotechnlogy to another contaminated sites in Europe. Also activities connected with the role of public in implementation of technology were illustrated. The update brochure of G4687 activities was disseminated among the conference’s participants.
PhD students involved in the project presented their results at the Poster session, i.e.:
Jan Cerny (UJEP) Remediation of military areas Contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons: is it possible to effectively produce Miscanthus x giganteus biomass?
Artem Medkov (NULES) Impact of Plant Growth Regulators to Miscanthuxgiganteus establishment while producing biomass at the military land from Dolyna, Ukraine contaminated by heavy metals
While at Crakow prof. Pidisnuk and assoc.prof. Stefanovska had a number of discussions related to the project and possible future cooperation with the following participants: prof. Stan Gawronski (Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland), assoc.prof. Slawo Lomnitcki (Louisiana State University, USA), prof.Eugen Gurzau (Babes-Bolyai University and Director of Environmental Health Centre, Rumania), Dr. Heather Henry (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, USA), Dr.Kelly Pennell (University of Kentucky, USA), prof. Florian Gambus (Krakow Agricultural University, Vice-Rector, Poland), prof. Jacek Antonkiewicz( Krakow Agricultural University, Poland), prof. Alan Baker (The University of Melbourne, Australia), prof. Raina Maier (University of Arizona, USA), prof. Shao Lin (University at Albany, USA).
While at Krakow NDP Pidlisnyuk and PPD Stefanovska discussed the current state with the miscanthus plantations established at the military site in Kurakhove, Ukraine, modelling plantation at Tokarivka, Ukraine and the publication issues.
The brainstorming meeting related to the current obstacles with miscanthus plantation at Mimon, Czech Republic was held on June, 13 in which prof. Pidlisnyuk, PPD Stefanovska and assoc.prof. Trogl participated. The different reasons caused the weak growing on the plant at that site were overviewed, such as: extremely cold temperature on March, 2018, possible eating of rhizomes by wild animals or stolen from the ground, pure quality of planting materials. It was decided to arrange consultations with professionals in Ukraine, Czech Republic and USA in order to do the necessary emergency actions for ensuring good growing of miscanthus at the site in 2019.
Prof. Pidlisnyuk, assoc.prof.Trogl and Stefanovska attended the workshop “Sustainable remediation and rehabilitation of contaminated sites” was jointly organized on June, 10 by US Environmental Protect Agency and Arizona State University, USA within the conference’s framework.
The CEECHE2020 conference would be organized by Vilnius Polytechnic University, Lithuania.
MONDAY - June 11, 2018
9:00-12:00: OPENING SESSION – Main Hall
Co-Chairs: Stanislaw Gawroński, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (Poland) and Slawomir Lomnicki, Louisiana State University (USA)
Opening Remarks by Distinguished Representatives
Plenary Presentation - Main Hall
Advancing Science in Rapidly Changing Environments
W. Suk, Director, Superfund Research Program, NIEHS/NIH, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Plenary Presentation - Main Hall
Environmental Pollution and Civilization Disorders
E. Konduracka, Jagiellonian University School of Medicine and John Paul II Hospital, Poland
12:10-15:40 PARALLEL SESSIONS A and B
(with Lunch Break 13:20-14:10)
SESSION A: Chemistry, health risks and solutions for atmospheric air pollution
Co-Chairs: Ewa Konduracka, Jagiellonian University (Poland) and Stephania Cormier, Louisiana State University (USA)
SESSION B: Topics of growing awareness related to environmental health
Co-Chairs: David Carpenter, University at Albany (USA) and Joanna Surmacz- Górska, Silesian University of Technology (Poland)
A1 KEYNOTE. PM Air Pollution – Are EPFRs (Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals) a marker of PM’s health impacts?
B1 KEYNOTE. Electromagnetic fields and human health
A2. Fate of selected pollutants of concern: Surface and Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs) assisted oxidation
B2. Rapid method to quantify carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in environmental media
A3. Dioxin-like PCB 126 increases systemic inflammation and accelerates atherosclerosis in lean LDL receptor deficient mice
B3. Agricultural Field Measurement of Radioactive Cesium in Fukushima
A4. A Study of tree species phytofiltration properties in the green infrastructure of the city of Yerevan (Armenia)
B4. Occurrence and removal of selected pharmaceuticals from the aquatic environment
(J. Surmacz- Górska)
A5. Health impact of suspended particulate matter in some Hungarian cities assessed by Airq+
B5. Physical activity attenuates alterations of the gut-brain axis and brain metastasis formation induced by PCBs
A6. Aristolochic acid I and Balkan Endemic Nephropathy etiology: a potential exposure pathway through soil
B6. Impact of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on Puerto Rico Maternal and Child Environmental Health Health Research Programs
15:50 – 18:20 PARALLEL SESSIONS C and D
SESSION C: Environmental issues and local population exposures at former military sites in Central and Eastern European countries
Co-Chairs: Eugen Gurzau, Environmental Health Center (Romania) and Jaco Vangronsveld, Hasselt University (Belgium)
SESSION D: Coastal and aquifer pollution
Co-Chairs: Heather Henry, National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences (USA) and Aleksander Astel, Pomeranian University (Poland)
C1 KEYNOTE. The impacts of soil contamination on tree rhizosphere bacterial communities in a forest on an old military site
D1 KEYNOTE. Sustainable Development of Several Coastal Lakes in The Southern Baltic Area
C2. Impact of military territories to the environment and place of phytotechnology with miscanthus biomass production
D2. Identification of hotspots of genotoxicological and faecal pollution along the Danube and Sava rivers – the whole river surveys
C3. Environmental risk assessment of heavy metal contamination at military sites in Ukraine: avoidance and reproduction test with Collembola
D3. Evaluation of drinking water quality and health state of population in Chisinau Municipality
C4. Actual Questions of Population Health Risk Assessment Of Former Military Sites In Czech Republic (Cr) And Ukraine (Ua)
D4. The effect of spruce dying and air pollution on water quality on the example of springs within the Skrzyczne range area
C5. Growing miscanthus x giganteus in post-military soil and soils contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons: remediation and biomass production
D5. Photocatalytic removal of sertraline from water over titania/chitosan hybrid materials
C6. The composition of nematode community associated with Miscanthus x giganteus grown at Dolyna military contaminated site
D6. Innovation in Coastal and Aquifer Remediation and Monitoring
TUESDAY - June 12, 2018
9:00-11:10 PLENARY SESSION – Main Hall
Co-Chairs: Stanisław Małek, University of Agriculture in Kraków (Poland) and William Suk, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (USA)
Short Plenary Presentation
Rocket Fuel Oxidizer: Polish Method of Disposal
A New Class of Environmental Pollutant Increases Morbidity and Mortality from Influenza Virus Infection
S. Cormier, Louisiana State University, USA
Healthful Nutrition as a Modifier of Pollutant-Induced Inflammatory Diseases: Implications in Atherosclerosis
B. Hennig, University of Kentucky, USA
11:20-13:20 POSTER SESSION - Hall
Packaged lunches provided for sightseeing at the conclusion of the poster session
18:30 DINNER for students and post-doctoral scholars (Club Arka)
WEDNESDAY - June 13, 2018
9:00-11:00: PLENARY SESSION – Main Hall
Co-Chairs: Florian Gambuś, University of Agriculture in Kraków (Poland) and Kelly G. Pennell, University of Kentucky (USA)
Climate Change Impacts, Climate Strategies and Alternative Energy Perspectives in the Cities of Eastern Europe
S. Romanko, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ukraine
Agromining: Farming for Metals and the Valorization of Metal-Contaminated Lands and Wastes
A. Baker, Laboratoire Sols et Environnement and LABEX Ressources21, ENSAIA/INRA, Université de Lorraine, France
11:00-13:30: PARALLEL SESSIONS E and F
SESSION E: Chemistry, fate, transport, and health effects of persistent halogenated contaminants
Co-Chairs: Adam Grochowalski, Cracow University of Technology (Poland) and Slawo Lomnicki, Louisiana State University (USA)
SESSION F: Environmental and health impacts of minerals/metals and mining activities
Co-Chairs: John McKernan, Environmental Protection Agency USA) and Anna Ostręga (Poland)
E1 KEYNOTE. Copper salts as catalyst substances responsible for formation of dioxins and other halogenated compounds during burn process in fireplaces and heating stoves
F1 KEYNOTE. Revitalization of post-mining areas for sustainable tourism
E2. New developments in the synthesis and use of reactive activated carbon impregnated with iron nanoparticles for remediation of persistence organic pollutants in contaminated sediments and water
F2. Heavy metals and lipids in the tissue and bee production at traditional and organic bee-keeping conditions and the ways of their levels’ correction
E3. Development of magnetic nano-composite materials as reusable adsorbents for chlorinated organics in contaminated water
F3. Limiting horizontal water filtration using drainage screen modules to reduce the hydraulic interaction of artificial objects and the natural environment
E4. Biogeochemical characterization of a dual-pathway microbial remediation strategy for chlorobenzenes at the anaerobic-aerobic groundwater interface
F4. Risk assessment of ZN-PB ores mining and usefulness of native plant communities in decreasing its impact on affected areas
E5. Adverse human health effects including congenital malformations related to the use of agent orange
F5. Rhizobia as the microorganisms potentially improving the growth of legumes in heavy metal polluted areas
E6. Identification of an Immobilization Technology for Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Contamination in Soil and Sediments
F6. Soil microbiome dynamics during revegetation of pyritic mine tailings: understanding microbial bioindicators of soil acidification
13:30 – 14:30 LUNCH
14:30 – 17:50 Parallel Sessions G and H
SESSION G: Exposure science and risk reduction approaches for indoor pollution
Co-Chairs: Stanislaw Gawroński, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (Poland) and Shao Lin, University of Albany (USA)
SESSION H: Environmental risk assessment and epidemiology
Co-Chairs: Anicenta Bubak, Cenia-Ekspertyz (Poland) and Carmen Vélez-Vega, University of Puerto Rico (USA)
G1 KEYNOTE. Assess school environmental effects on children's health and performance and evaluate environmental policies’ impacts
H1 KEYNOTE. Bioavailable forms of metals and Human Health Risk Assessment
G2. Fate and transport processes for assessing in-building CVOC concentrations from subsurface sources
H2. Surrounding Greenness, air pollution and general health in preschool children
G3. Sewer systems and volatile organic compounds: indoor air considerations for buildings near contaminated groundwater plumes
H3. Lung cancer in black coal miners in the Czech Republic, 1992-2015
G4. Assessing the association between home indoor environment and respiratory health among school age children in Romania
H4. Dynamic approach to transfer of potentially toxic elements in the soil-plant system
G5. Indoor environment and respiratory health in Romanian primary school children
H5. Gestational phthalate exposure and intrauterine growth restriction
G6. Study conditions and air pollution in pre-university institutions
H6. Peripubertal serum dioxins and subsequent adult semen quality and sperm methylome in the prospective Russian children’s study
G7. Dietary Factors May Decrease the Effects of Environmental Hazards on Asthma and Allergy in Children
H7. Heavy metals in water and risk assessment: A case study of the Czarna Przemsza River source in Zawiercie, Poland
G8. Plant as remedy for improving indoor air quality
H8. Relationships between air pollution level of PM10 and health status of 8-10 years old children – Results from the Hungarian National Children’s Respiratory Surveys (2005-2017)
17:50 – 18:40
A Panel for students, post-docs and young researchers: Future environmental health careers
Co-Chairs: Kepka, University of Agriculture in Kraków (Poland) and Erin Madeen, Johns Hopkins University, (USA)
19:30 CEECHE 2018 Gala Dinner
Located in the lower level of the Kraków Cloth Hall in the Old Town Main Square (Rynek Główny)
THURSDAY - June 14, 2018
9:00-11:30: PARALLEL SESSIONS I and J
SESSION I: Environmental and health benefits of renewable energy sources
Co-Chairs: Souhail Al-Abed, Environmental Protection Agency (USA) and Antoni Stasch, European Business Club Association (Poland)
SESSION J: Social, political and economic impacts and considerations related to environmental stressors
Co-Chairs: Alan Baker Laboratoire Sols et Environnement and LABEX Ressources21, ENSAIA/INRA, Université de Lorraine, (France) and Margaret Reams, Louisiana State University USA)
I1 KEYNOTE. Environmental pollution - A threat of the Earth's life and a killer of 9 million human beings a year
J1 KEYNOTE. Applying resilience theory to community engagement with residents facing cumulative environmental exposure risks: lessons from Louisiana’s industrial corridor
I2. Ecological evaluation of the production of alternative fuel from waste
J2. Community Resilience and Critical Transformations: The Case of St. Gabriel, Louisiana
I3. Impact of ozone pretreatment on the biometallurgical properties of toxic wastes
J3. Behavioral and psychosocial risk factors in high school students – results from the Y.A.B.S. study
I4. Analysis of the biochar production from waste biomass—process influence on quality parameters
J4. Implementation of “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions" of the Republic of Armenia in rural communities
I5. Energy management in crops under cover during storage heat in the accumulators: energy and ecological effects
J5. Anthropocene and the Contemporary Environmental Situation
I6. Gasification of waste and biomass-energetic and environmental effects
I7. Polish concept and 46 years research and training on primary prevention of environmental risk factors (e.g. cancer prevention, sustainable development focused on better environmental health in industrial and recreational areas)
11:40-13:00: CLOSING SESSION
Co-Chairs: Heather Henry, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (USA) and S. Małek, University of Agriculture (Poland)
Analysis of the Toxicity of Combustion Aerosol: Chemical Composition of Different Combustion-Emissions and their Molecular Biological Effects on Air/Liquid-Interface Exposed Lung Cells
R. Zimmermann, Joint Mass Spectrometry Centre, Rostock University (Analyt. Chem.) & Helmholtz Zentrum München, Germany
More info at: https://ceeche2018.urk.edu.pl
The international conference “Remediation Technology” is a platform meeting organized by Ministry of the Environment of Czech Republic and Ministry of the Environment of Slovak Republic in cooperation with the business and university communities in order to exchange an innovative knowledge and share the practical experiment in the field of remediation of soil and water. The conference is organized annually and in 2018 was hosted on May 23-25 by firm Ecomonitoring in city Tabor, Czech Republic. Beside the ministries, the conference was supported by University of Chemical Technology in Prague, Masaryk University, Technical University in Liberec, Czech University of Life and the Environmental Sciences, University Pardubice and private firm EPS Biotechnology (all-Czech Republic) and University Kamenskoho in Bratislava, Slovak Republic.
About 150 representatives from the private firms, faculty members and governmental officials involved in remediation technologies participated in the event in which the state of the art with the implementation of the different remediation technologies were discussed. The questions on eco-monitoring and assessment of the contaminated sites, new technique used and financial aspects of supporting the remediation activities were overviewed. The conference was consisted of plenary session, five working sections and poster’s presentation.
The governmental policy in the field of remediation of old contaminated sites including the military ones left after the Soviet Army was presented by Dr.Pribyl and Dr.Braha (Ministry of the Environment of Czech Republic) and Dr. Janova ( Slovak Republic). The current financial support of the remediation activities in the Czech Republic and perspective for the future was overseen by Mgr. Cermak and Mgr.Zborilova from the Ministry of the Finance of Czech Republic. The overview of the international projects related to remediation of the contaminated sites in the different countries was delivered by prof. Holoubek ( RECETOX), Dr. Benes (EPS biotechnology). Dr.Lacina (Geotest), Dr. Hrabak (TU in Liberec), Dr.Schwarz, (Envigeo) and Dr. Suchanek (CENIA).
Dr.Trogl and prof. Pidlisnyuk, UJEP, participated in the conference and shared the results of the phytotechnology with miscanthus developing within G4687 with the participants of the conference at the informal meetings and minutes. Specifically, the possibility to organize the event on presentation the phytotechnology with miscanthus was discussed with the representatives of the Ministry of the Environment of Czech Republic Dr. Pribyl, and representatives of the Slovak Environmental Agency Dr.Paluchova and Mgr. Bradiakova. Preliminary, the jointly event is planned to organize in mid-November, 2018 in Prague and the main auditorium the phytotechnology will be presented at is governmental officials and interested stakeholders from the Czech and Slovak Republics. The design of the event is under the development.
The participation of Dr.Trogl and prof. Pidlisnyuk in the conference, i.e. for presentation results of G4687, was supported by UJEP, Czech Republic.
The Global Symposium on Soil Pollution GSOP 18 was jointly organized by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and its Global Soil Partnership (GSP), Intergovernmental Panel on Soils (ITPS), together with the Secretariats of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions, UN Environment and World Health Organization (WHO) as a neutral platform to bring the best scientific information available on the status, trends and actions on soil pollution. The event held at FAO Headquarter in Rome, Italy and was attended by 522 delegates from 100 countries across the world. The Symposium was recognized as a first step in implementation the Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management in terms of preventing and reducing harmful substances in soil as a way to maintain healthy soils in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals. The Symposium’s outcomes provide scientific evidence to support actions and decisions to prevent and reduce soil pollution for increasing food safety, nutrition, ecosystem services and promote the restoration of polluted sites. As anticipated during GSOP18, the symposium will produce a scientific outcome document “Be the Solution to Soil Pollution” which will highlight the role of soil pollution and sustainable soil management in meeting the food security and sustainable development agendas. The document will present the main recommendations discussed and agreed during the symposium. stay tuned for our next communication campaign for the World Soil Day 5th December 2018 – whose theme will be “Be the solution to soil pollution”.
Two oral presentations delivered at the Symposium introduced the current results of G4687 to the broad public, i.e: the report “Sustainable soil management of polluted military sites by phytostabilization with biomass production using biofuel crop Miscanthusxgiganteus” was presented by prof. Pidlisnyuk at the session “Drivers of soil pollution in non-agricultural soils” led by Luca Montanarella, Chair ITPS, Joint Research Centre, European Commission. The another report “The development and preliminary assessment of using the biological indicators to evaluate the soil quality under Miscanthusxgiganteus production at the contaminated abandoned sites” was presented by Dr.Stefanovska at the session “Monitoring soil pollution” led by prof. Peter de Ruiter, Wageningen University, Netherland.
While at the event prof. Pidlisnyuk and Dr.Stefanovska had a number of discussions with Symposium participants, i.e.: Dr.Ana Paya-Perez, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Italy; Mr.John Vijgen, Director of International HCH Forum, Denmark; prof. Ivan Holoubek, Masarik University, Czech Republic; Dr.Tamara Kukharchuk, Institute for Nature Management, Belarus; Dr.Luka Montanarella, Director of ITPS and Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Italy; prof. Gary Pierzinsky, Kansas State University, USA.
At the working lunch with Mr.Marko Colangeli, Programmer Advisor, FAO the possibility of cooperation in research related to energy crops cycles was discussed. The results of G4687 was informally introduced to delegates from Columbia, Portugal, Ukraine and Italy.
Prof. Pidlisnyuk and Dr. Stefanovska had a number of working discussions regarding the G4687 current activities and issues on patenting the scientific results. They also worked on the manuscript regarding the impact of PGR to miscanthus biomass production to be submitted for publication as outcome of the Symposium.
In period January 30 - February, 2 prof. Pidlisnyuk visited Columbia University and Harvard University having a goal to introduce the project’s results to professionals involved in sustainable energy and climate change issues and to promote the developing of the broader networking. She also had interests to the new courses and graduated programs proposed at that leading universities which are focused at the sustainable energy production, bioproducts and climate change topics.
While at Columbia University prof. Pidlisnyuk met with De. Alissa Park, Director of Lenfest Centre for Sustainable energy, The Earth Institute. She presented main accomplishment of NATO project and future plans and discussed the possible cooperation in the topic of biomass transformation to the energy and biobased products. Dr.Park introduced directions of research going on at the Centre with focus at the biomass transformation. She also presented a new Master program recently accredited at the Centre which combines the environmental engineering disciplines with social and economic courses. The program included the requested courses from core area: Introduction to Carbon Management; Carbon Management and Decision Making; Humans and the Carbon Cycles; Land Use and Carbon Management; Carbone Capture; Carbon Storage; O2 utilization and conversion; Earth and Environmental Report. The selective courses of the program are: Introduction to Environment Law; Climate Change Law; Climate Change policy; Consumption and Efficiency; International Cooperation&Institutions; Energy Modelling. It was agreed to initiate cooperation in the topic regarding peculiarities of transformation of miscanthus biomass to different bioconversion products.
Prof. Pidlisnyuk participated at the seminar in Environmental Economic and Policy at Harvard Kennedy School where the presentation “Applying Asset pricing theory to calibrate the price of Climate Risk” was delivered by Dr. Gernot Wagner, Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Lecturer on Environmental Science and Public Policy at Harvard University. Dr.Wagner introduced EZ-Climate model that allows for a calibration of the optimal carbon dioxide price based on probabilistic assumptions around climate damages. Unlike standard models, which often estimate cost of delay based on optimal prices of carbon dioxide, Dr.Wagner with coauthors: Kent Daniel and Robert Litterman calculated large costs of delay in pricing CO2 emissions: delaying implementation by one year leads to annual consumption losses of over 2%.; 5-years delay leads to 11% losses, and 10 years delay leads to 23% losses. That theory confirmed the necessity of essential mitigation measures where implementation of the green technologies are among the leader ones. While at Harvard University prof. Pidlisnyuk visited the International Studies and was introduced the new program “Climate Change and Energy Policy making for the long term” which was developed by Harvard Kennedy School. The program to consider: a) the facts about climate change and its impact; b) the potential policies to address climate change; c) the way how governmental and no-governmental actors might compliment action to mitigation&adaptation measures. The elements of the programs and courses will be incorporated into the new courses to be developed within the NATO project.